Countries and languages spoken

When seeking the assistance of an interpreter or electing to translate a document, it is vital that the appropriate language be identified. Some people may use a non-standard variety of a language such as a dialect, e.g. Hokkien (Chinese), Lebanese (Arabic). However, the distinction between some dialects and languages is not always clear, for a variety of reasons. The following information is intended to provide useful general information regarding countries and the major languages/dialects/other languages spoken in those countries. It should be stressed that the listing provides general guidance only and it is not intended to be inclusive of all the languages and/or dialects that may be spoken, within a given country.

Country
Main Language
Other languages & dialects
AFGHANISTAN Pushtu, Dari Uzbeki, Turkmani, Baluchi, Pashaii, Nuristani
ALBANIA Albanian Greek
ALGERIA Arabic French, Berber dialects
ARGENTINA Spanish Italian, native American Indian languages
ARMENIA Armenian Arabic, Turkish, French, Russian, Azeri
ASSYRIA Assyrian (Syriac) Chaldean, Arabic, Persian
AUSTRIA German
AZERBAIJAN Azeri Russian, Armenian, Lezgin
BANGLADESH Bengali English, Urdu, Assamese
BELARUS Byelorussian Russian, Urkanian, Polish
BELGIUM French, Dutch German, Flemish
BOLIVIA Spanish Quecha, Aymara
BOSNIA and HERZEGOVINA Bosnian Croatian, Serbian
BRAZIL Portuguese Native American Indian languages
BRUNEI Malay Chinese, English, Brunei
BULGARIA Bulgarian Turkish, Romani, Greek
CAMBODIA Khmer Mandarin, Teo Chiew, Vietnamese, French
CANADA English, French
CHILE Spanish Native American Indian languages
CHINA (People’s Republic of) Cantonese, Mandarin Hakka, Tibetan, Mongolian, Hokkien, fukkien and 500 other languages
COLOMBIA Spanish Native American Indian languages
COOK ISLANDS Cook Is. Maori, English Raratonga, Pukapuka and others
COSTA RICA Spanish Creole, English
CROATIA Croatian Bosnian, Slovenian, Serbian
CUBA Spanish
CYPRUS Greek, Turkish
CZECH Czech
DENMARK Danish Faroese dialect
EAST TIMOR Tetum Portuguese, Hakka
ECUADOR Spanish Quechua
EGYPT Arabic
ERITREA Tigrigna Amharic
ESTONIA Estonian Russian
ETHIOPIA Amharic Tigrigna, Oromo, Italian, Arabic
FIJI Fijian Hindi
FINLAND Finnish Swedish, Sami
MACEDONIA Macedonian Albian, Serbian
FRANCE French Basque, Breton, Provencal
GERMANY German
GHANA English, Akan Ewe, other African languages
GREECE Greek Macedonian, Turkish, Albanian
GUATEMALA Spanish Native American Indian languages
HAITI French Creole
HONDURAS Spanish Native American Indian languages
HONG KONG Cantonese Other Chinese dialects
HUNGARY Hungarian Romanian
INDIA Hindi, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayam, Konkani,Manipari Kashmiri, Sindhi, Bengali, Urdu, Punjabi, Assamese, Nepalese and 18 other official languages
INDONESIA Bahasa Indonesia Javanese, Sundanese, Madurese
IRAN Persian (Farsi) Azeri, Kurdish, Armenian, Arabic, Turkish, Baluchi, Assyrian
IRAQ Arabic Kurdish, Assyrian, Turkmani
IRELAND (Eire) English Irish Gaelic
ISRAEL Hebrew Arabic, Yiddish, Russian
ITALY Italian Italian dialects
JAPAN Japanese
JORDAN Arabic
KENYA Swahili Kikuyu, Gujarati, Masai
KIRIBATI Ikiribati English
KOREA-NORTH Korean
KOREA-SOUTH Korean
KURDISTAN Kurdish Arabic, Turkish, Persian
KUWAIT Arabic English
LAOS Laotian Hmong, Chinese dialects, French
LATVIA Latvian (Lettish) Russian, Polish
LEBANON Arabic Armenian, French
LITHUANIA Lithuanian Russian, Polish
MACAU Portuguese, Cantonese Other Chinese languages
MALAYSIA Malay (Bahasa Malaysian) Tamil, Sinhalese, Cantonese, Hokkien and other Chinese dialects
MALTA Maltese Italian
MAURITIUS English Creole, Hindi, Urdu, French
MEXICO Spanish Native American Indian languages
MONTENEGRO Serbian Croatian, Bosnian
MORROCO Arabic Berber dialects, French
MYANMAR (Burma) Burmese English, Karen, native languages
NAURU Nauruan English, Ikiribati, Chinese, Tuvalu
NEPAL Nepali Others
NETHERLANDS Dutch Friesian
NEW ZEALAND English Maori
NEW CALEDONIA French Melanesian, Wallisian
NICURAGUA Spanish Miskito
NIUE English, Niuen
NORWAY Norwegian Sami
PAKISTAN Urdu Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtu, Buluchi
PALESTINE Arabic
PAPUA NEW GUINEA Pidgin, English Hiri Motu and 100’s others
PARAGUAY Spanish, Guarani
PERU Spanish Quecha, Aymara
PHILIPPINES Filippino (Tagalog) Cebuano, Hilgayano, Bikolano
POLAND Polish Ukranian
PORTUGAL Portuguese PORTUGAL Portuguese
ROMANIA Romanian Hungarian, German, Romani
RUSSIA Russian Ukranian, Tatar
SAMOA (Western) Samoan English
SAUDI ARABIA Arabic
SERBIA Serbian Croatian, Albanian
SEYCHELLES Creole French, English
SINGAPORE Mandarin, Malay Tamil, Hakka
SLOVAK Slovak Hungarian
SLOVENIA Slovene
SOLOMON ISLAND English Pidgin, English
SOMALIA Somali Arabic, Swahili
SOUTH AFRICA Afrikaans, English Zulu, Xhosa, Sesotho
SPAIN Spanish (Castillian) Catalan, Galicia, Basque, Valencia
SRI LANKA Sinhalese Tamil
SUDAN Arabic Nubian
SWEDEN Swedish Finnish, Sami
SWITZERLAND German, French Romansch
SYRIA Arabic Kurdish, Armenian, Assyrian
TAIWAN Mandarin Taiwanese, Hakka
THAILAND Thai (Siamese) Chinese dialects, Malay, Khmer
TOKELAU Samoan Other local dialects
TONGA Tongan
TUNISIA Arabic French
TURKEY Turkish Kurdish
TUVALU Tavaluan Irikibati
UKRAINE Ukranian Russian, Polish
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Arabic
URUGUAY Spanish
VANUATU Bislama, French Other Melanesian languages
VENEZUELA Spanish Native American Indian languages
VIETNAM Vietnamese Cantonese, Khmer, Teo Chiew
YEMEN Arabic
ZIMBABWE English, Shone Other languages and dialects